The need for more affordable, reliable, clean, secure and renewable sources of electricity is one of today’s most important global challenges. Depending solely on oil, coal, natural gas and nuclear fuels to generate electricity is far from optimal. Fossil fuels are neither renewable nor clean. Their production, transportation and combustion produce emissions – Co2 emissions that cause climate change, acid rain, water pollution, waste heat, etc.
Fossil fuels are subject to price fluctuations that can have far- reaching economic consequences. The use of nuclear power raises many issues of operational safety. Numerous issues in nuclear waste management are still unclear .
Wind power diversifies our energy supply and reduces our dependence on energy imports.
Wind Energy is a commercially proven, rapidly growing form of electricity generation. It provides clean, renewable, and cost-effective electricity. There are numerous advantages of using the wind to generate electricity .
It is a clean energy source
Wind power does not pollute the air, water or land. It does not produce acid rain, no radioactive waste and no Co2 emissions that contribute to global warming. In addition, wind power does not consume large amounts of water that are needed in the fossil power generation.
Wind is an outcome of the daily exposure to sunlight. The presence of wind power is unlimited, it can not be depleted. Fossil fuels are limited – and we have exceeded already the amount of Co2 that can be emitted into the atmosphere without any major climate changes.
Wind energy is competitive.
The price of electricity from wind turbines from good sites is competitive with electricity from new fossil fuel power plants. The price of wind power is neither subject to fuel price increases nor to supply disruptions. Introducing stricter limits for contamination has no price effects for wind power plants. But this will have consequences for energies of fossil generated sources. Wind power does not induce any additional hidden costs that are very high in fossil fuels.
It’s good for rural communities
Wind power helps to diversify the economies of rural communities. It creates new types of income. It adds to the property tax base – important in rural areas that otherwise have a hard time attracting new industry.
Wind power creates highly skilled jobs in construction, operations and maintenance.
It’s compatible with other land uses
Wind energy reinforces the economic power of agriculture by providing supplemental income for farming and ranching families. Ass the losses of ground are minimal, the land used for wind turbines can still be used for farming and grazing. Wind turbines can be installed amid cropland without interfering with people, livestock, or production.
Wind turbines and related facilities at a utility-scale wind power plant typically occupy less than 2,5% of total project land area. The vast majority of land remains free to use in other ways, including ranching, farming, hunting, recreation, and many other activities.
Windpower makes us independent from Fuel Imports
Developing renewable sources of electricity means importing less fossil fuel from foreign countries, and it means that we are getting less dependant from foreign countries.
Developing wind energy means also putting our energy expenses back into the local economy and adding the values here.
Mining & Transportation: Harvesting the wind preserves our resources and landscapes because there is no need for destructive resource mining, oil drillings in nature or fuel transportation to a processing facility.
Land Preservation: Wind farms are extended over a large geographic area, but their actual consumed area covers only a small portion of the land. This results in a minimum impact on crop production or livestock grazing.
It promotes national security and energy independence.
Analyzing the structure of the current global Energy supply, one may be quickly realize the dimensions of renewable energies for security and foreign policy.
Fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas are dominant in the power generation. The interdependencies of globalization are amplifying the necessity of constant
Energy replenishment – creating an enormous potential for conflicts at the international and regional level.
The geo-strategic issues of access and dominance over resources and the world’s constantly increasing energy consumption dramatizes the situation .Wind as a renewable energy poses no safety risk potential.
One important aspect of wind energy is the decentralization of energy production, and this makes wind energy even more safe.
Wind energy is homegrown. It cannot be embargoed, and because the wind is free, it is not subject to the dramatic price volatility of fossil fuels. Wind power diversifies our energy supply, it reduces our dependence on foreign energy sources and reduces the flow of petro-and gas- dollars into other utility rooms.
It’s a significant potential energy source for the European Union
The wind energy capacity currently installed in the EU:
In 2013, Germany (34.3 GW) and Spain (23 GW) have the largest cumulative installed wind energy capacity in Europe.
Together they represent 49% of total EU capacity. The UK, Italy and France follow with, respectively, 10.5 GW (9% of total EU capacity), 8.6 GW (7%) and 8.3 GW (7%). Amongst the newer Member States, Poland, with 3.4 GW (2.9%) of cumulative capacity, is now in the top 10, in front of the Netherlands (2.7 GW, 2%), and Romania is 11th with 2.6 GW (2%).
Estimated wind energy production:
The installed capacity will produce in an average wind year 257 TWh of electricity, enough to cover the 8% of the EU’s total consumption of 3,280 TWh.
Wind power plants are fast to install. Large utility-scale wind power plants are routinely built in less than one year. By contrast, most other large power plants take years to construct.