Development of a Wind farm

Planning of a Wind farm

Developing a wind farm is a long-term process, that involves a lot of know-how and requires several years. There are 3 phases:

1. acquisition, surface protection and site planning
Localization of possible locations:
Landscape quality, environment, spatial planning, wind profile, grid availability
Presentation to communities
Presentation to owners
Lease agreement with owners
Time required: 4-8 months

2 Technical Project management
Objective: To optimize the planning
– Electrical parameters
– Fuse of the mains connection
– Technical / economic study
– Coordination of services by consultants / engineering
– Cable route planning, access roads, power supply planning, substation / substation
Time required: Parallel to 1 and 3

3 Land use planning / approval process
In Poland:

  1. 1. establishment or amendment of the zoning plan (5 phases), including the community, the district and the region
    Time required: 12-14 months
  2. establishment or amendment of the development plan (5 phases)
    Time required: 12-14 months
  3. Conservation Legal Process- Obtaining the environmental assessment (birds / bats), landscape
    Time required: 13-16 months, possibly can run in parallel to 2
  4. Emission Legal opinions (noise, shadow)
  5. Possibly. other authorities (military, aerospace, Forestry authorities)
  6. building permits (Time required: 3 months)

in Germany:
The procedure is dependent on the building laws of the state and of the respective existing plans.
The general procedure is similar to the process in Poland in the comprehensiveness and takes about 3-4 years (if all planning steps must be taken). If regional planning, zoning or development plan are available, and wind farms are allowed in these zones the process can be shortened to 1.5 years.